Quick Answer: What Are The Figure Of Speech And Their Definition And Examples?

What are the 20 figures of speech?

Terms in this set (20)Alliteration.

The repetition of an initial consonant sound.Anaphora.

The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses.

Antithesis.

The juxtaposition of contrasting ideas in balanced phrases.Chiasmus.

Euphemism.

Hyperbole.

Irony.

Litotes.More items….

What are the 7 figurative language?

Personification, onomatopoeia , Hyperbole, Alliteration, Simily, Idiom, Metaphor.

What are the 10 types of figurative language?

10 Types of Figurative LanguageSimile. … Metaphor. … Implied metaphor. … Personification. … Hyperbole. … Allusion. … Idiom. … Pun.More items…•

What is sarcasm in figure of speech?

Sarcasm is a figure of speech or speech comment which is extremely difficult to define. It is a statement or comment which means the opposite of what it says. It may be made with the intent of humour, or it may be made to be hurtful.

What is speech and its types?

The four basic types of speeches are: to inform, to instruct, to entertain, and to persuade. … Informative – This speech serves to provide interesting and useful information to your audience. Some examples of informative speeches: A teacher telling students about earthquakes. A student talking about her research.

What are 3 types of speeches?

There are three main types of speeches, but what kind a speaker delivers depends upon the speaker’s objective. The three main types of speeches are the informative, the persuasive, and the special occasion.

What are the 4 types of figure of speech with examples?

In this lesson we look at four common types of figure of speech:Simile. A figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing.Metaphor. A figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing.Hyperbole. … Oxymoron.

What are the 10 figure of speech?

In European languages, figures of speech are generally classified in five major categories: (1) figures of resemblance or relationship (e.g., simile, metaphor, kenning, conceit, parallelism, personification, metonymy, synecdoche, and euphemism); (2) figures of emphasis or understatement (e.g., hyperbole, litotes, …

What are the 23 figures of speech?

23 Common Figures of Speech (Types and Examples)SIMILE. In simile two unlike things are explicitly compared. … METAPHOR. It is an informal or implied simile in which words like, as, so are omitted. … PERSONIFICATION. … METONYMY. … APOSTROPHE. … HYPERBOLE. … SYNECDOCHE. … TRANSFERRED EPITHETS.More items…

What is types of speech?

Speeches can be categorized into four broad areas depending on the amount of preparation that is undertaken and depending upon the nature of the occasion. The four types of speeches are manuscript, memorized, extemporaneous, and impromptu.

How do you identify figures of speech?

A figure of speech is a word or phrase that possesses a separate meaning from its literal definition. It can be a metaphor or simile, designed to make a comparison. It can be the repetition of alliteration or the exaggeration of hyperbole to provide a dramatic effect.

What are the 27 figures of speech?

27 Figures of Speech, Definition and Example SentencesFigure of Speech.Simile.Metaphor.Personification.Hyperbole.Onomatopoeia.Idiom.Proverb.

What are the 5 examples of metaphor?

Everyday Life MetaphorsJohn’s suggestion was just a Band-Aid for the problem.The cast on his broken leg was a plaster shackle.Laughter is the music of the soul.America is a melting pot.Her lovely voice was music to his ears.The world is a stage.My kid’s room is a disaster area.Life is a rollercoaster.More items…

Is an idiom a figure of speech?

An idiom is a figure of speech that means something different than a literal translation of the words would lead one to believe. For example, “it’s raining cats and dogs” is a common idiom in English, but it’s not meant to be taken literally: Household pets are not falling from the sky!

What are the 8 kinds of figure of speech?

Some common figures of speech are alliteration, anaphora, antimetabole, antithesis, apostrophe, assonance, hyperbole, irony, metonymy, onomatopoeia, paradox, personification, pun, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.

What are the 6 types of figurative language and their definitions?

Figurative language refers to the color we use to amplify our writing. … Although it’s often debated how many types of figurative language there are, it’s safe to say there are at least five main categories. They are: metaphors, similes, personification, hyperbole, and symbolism.

What is figurative language and examples?

Figurative language is when you use a word or phrase that does not have its normal everyday, literal meaning. … There are a few different ways to use figurative language, including metaphors, similes, personification and hyperbole. See the table below for some figurative language examples and definitions.

How many figures of speech are there in English?

Professor Robert DiYanni, in his book Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, Drama and the Essay wrote: “Rhetoricians have catalogued more than 250 different figures of speech, expressions or ways of using words in a nonliteral sense.”

What is metaphor in figure of speech?

A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes an object or action in a way that isn’t literally true, but helps explain an idea or make a comparison. … A metaphor states that one thing is another thing. It equates those two things not because they actually are the same, but for the sake of comparison or symbolism.

What are the 5 types of figure of speech?

Five important types of figures of speech include hyperbole, symbols, simile, personification and metaphor.Hyperbole. Hyperbole is used to overstate or emphasize a concept. … Symbol. … Simile. … Personification. … Metaphor.

What is a personification example?

Personification means: “Giving an object or animal human characteristics to create interesting imagery.” An example of personification would be in the nursery rhyme “Hey Diddle Diddle” where “the little dog laughed to see such fun.”

What is the importance of using figures of speech in writing?

Figures of speech often provide emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. However, clarity may also suffer from their use, as any figure of speech introduces an ambiguity between literal and figurative interpretation. A figure of speech is sometimes called a rhetoric or a locution.

What is figures of speech PDF?

A figure of speech is a deviation from the ordinary use of words in order to increase their effectiveness. Basically, it is a figurative language that may consist of a single word or phrase. It may be a simile, a metaphor or personification to convey the meaning other than the literal meaning.

What is hyperbole in figure of speech?

Hyperbole is when you use language to exaggerate what you mean or emphasize a point. It’s often used to make something sound much bigger and better than it actually is or to make something sound much more dramatic. Hyperbole is a figure of speech.

What are the three basic principles of speech writing?

Relate the topic to the audience. Question the Audience. State the importance of your topic.

What are the 12 figures of speech?

Figures of SpeechAlliteration. The repetition of an initial consonant sound. … Allusion. The act of alluding is to make indirect reference. … Anaphora. The repetition of the same word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses or verses. … Antaclasis. … Anticlimax. … Antiphrasis. … Antithesis. … Apostrophe.More items…

What are the common figures of speech?

Below are the most common figures of speech, along with their definitions, examples, and tips for using them.Simile. … Metaphor. … Pun. … Personification. … Hyperbole. … Understatement. … Paradox. … Oxymoron.More items…